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Thursday, 2 July 2020

Mapping 6 Years of BJP Government in India - Highlights

Recently,The BJP marked it's 6th year in power. Here's a quick recap on policies, laws, schemes and controversies.

Correction: Under "Environment and Public Health" it is 4.50 lakh toilets, not 450 lakh.

Clarification: The Narendra Modi government has not waived-off any loan. 'Write off' doesn't stop recovery or action against defaults. (The decision to not include CAA, the migrant crisis & abrogation of Article 370 in this post was deliberate; as they require far more nuance than a paragraph affords.)



Mapping 6 Years of BJP Government in India - Highlights
Mapping 6 Years of BJP Government in India - Highlights


ECONOMY AND BANKING


Unemployment is at an all time high, at 27.11%

In 2017-18, the rate was 6.1% the highest in 45 Years

GDP Growth figures stood at an 11 year low at 4.2% before the covid-19 crisis

The Central Government came to power in 2014 with the promise that the dollar rate would equal ₹ 40. However as 30th May $1=₹75.52

According to SBI, Goldman Sachs, and others, the actual fiscal cost of the 20 lakh crore Covid stimulus package, range from 0.75 to 1.30% of the GDP as opposed to the 10% of GDP figure claimed by the government.

The government wrote off loans worth ₹68,607 crores for the likes of Mehul Choksi, Vijay Mallya, Nirav Modi Etc.

From 2014 onward, the Government witnessed 32,868 Bank frauds involving public money to the tune of ₹2,70,513 crores

(Sources: Financial Express, The Wire, The Week, CMIE, SBI, Goldman Sachs.)

DISSENT AND TRANSPARENCY

0 Press Conferences have been held by the PM in the past 6 years

Reporters Sans Frontieres has called the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs as one of the world's worst "Digital predators". In 2019, J&K had 121 internet shutdowns.

India dropped 2 places in the World Press Freedom Index in 2020. From 2014-19, there have been 198 Serious attacks on Journalists. (Getting Away with Murder report)

Students and activists have consistently been arrested under the draconian UAPA and Sedition laws


INCOME INEQUALITY

42.5% of the country's wealth is owned by the richest 1% of Indians (Oxfam)

2.8% of the wealth is owned by the bottom 50% of the the population (Oxfam)

Income inequality currently the highest in 73 Years (Credit Suisse)

In 2017-18 the rate of rural poverty rose 30% (Live Mint)

The ruling party, BJP's income has risen by 248% from ₹970 crore in 2014-15 to ₹2410 crore in 2019-20 (TIO)

14.2% was the rate of inflammation in food prices in December 2019, the highest rise since 2013 (Trading economics)

WOMENS' SAFETY

In 2016, of the 3.38 lakh cases of crime against women, rape made up 11.5%.
Only 1 in 4 of these cases ended in a conviction. (TOI)

Between 2001-2017, the number of rapes reported increased by 103% (India Today)

According to the data taken from different high courts, since March 2018, the pendency of rape cases has increased by more than 46% (The Wire)

The Nirbhaya Fund, created after the December 2012 gang-rape case lies virtually unused with only 20% of the funds being utilised. (The Hindu)

ENVIRONMENT & PUBLIC HEALTH

21 of the 30 most polluted cities in the world are in India. (CNN)

In March 2019 the Central Government approved mining in 1,70,000 hectares of forest In Chhattisgarh.(Hindustan Times)

In India has become the world's 4th worst country in environmental health.(DNA)

India Ranked the 5th in Global Climate Risk in 2018. (Hindustan Times)

In Madhya Pradesh, 450 lakh Swachh Toilets along with 540 crores supposedly used to build them are non-existent although on paper they exist. (TOI)

India has slipped to the rank of 102 out of 117 in the global hunger index in 2020. (Global Hunger Index Report)

MISCELLANEOUS SCHEMES

As of January 2020, the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana that had targeted to impart skill training to one crore youth trained around 73 lakh people but failed to achieve key objectives such as high rates of job placement.

Despite implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana 52% of respondents in the All India Rural Financial Inclusion Survey, 2016-17, said they do not use their accounts. Only 11% respondents had "good" financial literacy.

Comptroller and Auditor General found oddities in the audit report of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjala Yojana. Cylinders were diverted for commercial use. Extremely high usage in some cases whereas no refills in some cases. Cylinders were also issued to minors, and unintended beneficiaries. Discrepancies were found in the number of gas cylinders distributed to families compared to average usage.

Read Also:

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ON THE BRIGHT SIDE...

The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 which proposed extension of the upper limit for abortions to 24 weeks from 20 weeks was approved. (Live Mint)

Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act amended to provide 5 year punishment for persons who use a child for pornographic purposes. (AIR)

India has become the 4th space superpower after China, Russia, and the US. (Times Now)

Oxy Biodegradable sanitary napkins made available for ₹1. (Live Mint)

Jan Ausadhi Kendras which provide generic drugs at affordable prices increased to 6318 in number.(Jagran)

India's rank on the Ease of Doing Business Ranking advanced to the 63rd position. Manufacturing
companies might shift from China to India.(Quint)

Road construction speeds up. Target for 2020-21 is 32% according to the MORTH. China to India. (The Quint)

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